While laser treatments are safe and effective for most women and men, there are some people who will not be good candidates for these types of treatments. Here is a general contraindication list that should be considered by anyone who is thinking of undergoing any laser or light based treatments:
- Sun exposure and/or artificial tanning during the last four (4) weeks for skin type I/II/III and 8 weeks for skin type IV/V is not recommended. If you are considering undergoing any laser treatments, make sure you start wearing a titanium dioxide/zinc oxide SPF 20+ every day.
- Pregnancy - women thinking of getting pregnant, being pregnant or nursing are advised from receiving any laser treatments. To date there have been no studies conducted to see what effects laser treatments may have on the unborn child, but as a general rule, pregnant women should stay away from any type of cosmetic/elective procedures. In terms of hair reduction the hormones of woman who are pregnant or nursing are unstable and will cause hair reduction treatments to be less effective. You should wait at least two (2) months after you have stopped breast feeding before you start your hair reduction treatments.
- Medical problems - you will not be able to receive any laser treatments if you are experiencing any major uncontrolled health problem.
- Cancer - you need to be in remission for at least five (5) years before undergoing any laser treatments. Skin cancer patients should not undergo any laser treatments. If you have been in remission for five (5) years, your laser treatments will need to be executed in close collaboration with your oncologist.
- Epilepsy - light based treatments may trigger an epileptic attack.
- Diabetes - unstable diabetes patients should never be treated as they will have problems with healing. Any laser treatments on stable diabetes patients need to be executed in close collaboration with the patient's physician.
- Lupus or other diseases which may be stimulated by light.
- Hormonal disorders - hair removal or treatment of melasma may reduce treatment effectiveness if the hormones are unbalanced. Treatment is possible, but we will need to work in conjunction with your physician to ensure your hormones are under control.
- Photosensitive medications and herbs - can cause skin burning and scarring. You should consult with your physician and laser technician to ensure the medication you are taking is not going to cause sensitivity to light.
- Accutane or any related acne medication - you have to be off Accutane, oral Isotretinoin-Roaccutane, Tretinoin-Retin A (or any related drug) for a minimum of 6 months prior to undergoing any laser treatment - there are no exceptions.
- History of bleeding - problems with blood coagulation and use of anticoagulants will lead to skin bruising. You should consult with your physician to see if you can stop taking any anticoagulant medication (including Aspirin) before undergoing any laser treatment.
- Active Herpes Simplex in the treatment area - treatment is possible once the outbreak is healed, however you will be required to take prescription strength antiviral medication to keep this condition in remission during the treatment series. Consult with your physician to find out which antiviral medication is best suited for you.
- Keloid scarring - if you have a history of ubnormal scarring you should avoid any laser treatments.
- Internal defibrillator or pacemaker - threatments will not be performed unless pacemaker manufacturer confirms in writing that it is safe to treat the client wearing the pacemaker.
- A doctor's letter will be required before treating clients who are reportedly using Quinidine, any anti-psychotic medication or large combinations of cardiac/diuretic drugs, topical steroid creams in the area to be treated, general anaesthesia in the last three (3) months, local anaesthetic near treated areas in the past month or where you are uncertain about any reported medical condition or medication.
- Fragile or dry skin - if you have thin and frigile skin, you will not be able to receive any laser treatments. If your sking is overly dry, you will need to start moisturizing and ensure the condition is under control prior to undergoing any laser treatments.
- Any active inflammatory skin condition e.g. eczema, psorisis, infection, rash or any type of dermatitis at the treatment site (because it may aggravate the condition).
- Vitiligo (hypo-pigmentation) or hyper-pigmentation - individuals with these conditions will not be treated with laser at all.
- Ablative laser skin resurfacing - you must wait a minimum of three (3) months before you can undergo any other laser treatments.
- Age restrictions:
- hair reduction - must be 18 years or older. The hormones of clients under 18 are still unstable so permanet hair reduction will not be successfull. However if excessive hair growth is a problem for clients under 18 years of age, hair retardation treatments can be offered at Bionome Spa. Hair retardation puts the hair follicles into rest for three (3) to four (4) weeks without destroying it, so the affected area will appear as though the hair has been removed. Hair retardation treatment can also be performed in the summer when sun exposure is more likely and on someone who doesn't want their hair permanently destroyed. Please contact our spa to find out more about this type of treatment.
- photorejuvenation - should be 25 years of age or older. Generally individuals under 25 do not require any photorejuvenation treatments.
- pigmented lesions or vascular treatments - should be 18 years or older. There are some exceptions to this rule such as port wine stains and melasma, but we will need to discuss these conditions with your physician prior to treatment.
- acne - must be 14 years of age or older.
- skin type IV & V is not treatable for pigmented and vascular lesions
- moles & unusual skin lesions - you will need to speak to your physician or a dermatologist to diagnose any unusual skin structures to ensure your safety.
- self tanners - stop using all self tanning products a week before any laser treatment.
- menstruation - will make your skin more sensitive, so the treatments may be a bit more painful during this period of time
- microdermabrasions & peals - must be performed two (2) weeks before and two (2) weeks after each photorejuvenation treatment.
- Topical Retinoid, AHA creams, Salycilic Acid, Benzyl Peroxide - must be discontinued seven (7) days prior to any skin rejuvenation treatment. The use of these products can be restarted seven (7) days post last treatment. In general we advise clients to stop using these products during the treatment series. Topical Retinoid (vitamine A) must be discontinued 6 weeks prior to treatment.
- waxing, plucking, 'sugaring' or 'threading' - must be discontinued three (3)weeks prior to hair removal treatment. Laser hair reduction targets the melanin in the hair follicle, so ther must be hair follicles present in the skin during the treatment to ensure successful treatment.
- shaving - start shaving your hair as soon as you start considering hair reduction treatments. Shaving will put all of the hair in the treatment are into an active growth stage which will ensure a more successfull treatment rate.
- Botox & dermal fillers - must be performed two (2) weeks prior any facial rejuvenation procedure.
To ensure your safety, at Bionome Spa we ask each and every client to fill out a medical history form. We review these forms very carefully and go over all of the contraindications with you. If you have a medical condition but it is under control, we will need to work with you treating physician to ensure your safety.